Theory and History of Ontology ( Raul Corazzon | e-mail:

Detailed Table of Contents: First part

Detailed Table of Contents: Second Part


Theory of Ontology

Theory: Index of the Section

Definitions of Ontology by Leading Philosophers

What is Ontology? - First Part (From Christian Wolff to Edmund Husserl)

What is Ontology? - Second Part (From Nicolai Hartmann to the Present Time)

Key Terms in Ontology

Introductory Remarks (origin and development of some fundamental concepts)

Being (Linguistic and philosophical perspectives)

History of the Problem of Nonexistent Objects

Existence (Definitions from some leading philosophers)

Substance (The evolution of the concept from Ancient Greeks to Modern Times)

Mathesis Universalis: the Search for a Universal Science

Metaphysical Explanation

Annotated bibliographies:

Metaphysical fundamentality: A-Gia

Metaphysical fundamentality: Gib-P

Metaphysical fundamentality: R-Z

Metaphysical grounding: A-C

Metaphysical grounding: D-G

Metaphysical grounding: H-Lop

Metaphysical grounding: Los-Sav

Metaphysical grounding: Sch-Z

History of metaphysical fundamentality and grounding

Language and Ontology

Linguistic Relativism (Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis) vs. Universal Grammar

Universal Ontology vs. Ontological Relativity

Semiotics and Ontology

The Rediscovery of John Poinsot (John of St. Thomas)

John Deely. An Annotated bibliography

Modern Theories of Predication

The Frege-Russell 'Is' Ambiguity Thesis

Language as Calculus vs. Language as Universal Medium (two traditions in 20th century philosophy)


Ontologists of the 19th and 20th Centuries

Bernard Bolzano (1781-1848) Contributions to Logic and Ontology Critical judgments, excerpts from his works, bibliography of critical studies

Franz Brentano (1838-1917) Ontology and His Immanent Realism Excerpts and bibliography of his works, of the English translations and of the most relevant critical studies

Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914) Ontology and Semiotics. The Theory of Categories Bibliography of his writings and about his conception of semiotics and the theory of categories

Gottlob Frege (1848-1925) Ontology: Being, Existence, and Truth Excerpts from texts, studies and bibliography on his conceptions of being, existence and truth

Alexius Meinong (1853-1920) Theory of Objects Bibliography of his works (original edition and English translations) and of the most relevant critical studies

Edmund Husserl (1859-1938) Formal Ontology and Transcendental Logic Editions of the works in German and English, bibliography on formal ontology

Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947)

Kazimierz Twardowski (1866-1938) The Content and Object of Presentations Bibliography of his works and of the most relevant critical studies

Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) His Ontological Development Bibliography of studies on his ontological development

Nicolai Hartmann (1882-1950) Levels of Reality and Ontology) Bibliography of his works and of the most relevant critical studies

Adolf Reinach (1883-1917) States of Affairs (Sachverhalt) and Negative Judgments Bibliography of the works and translations; selection of the most relevant critical studies

Stanislaw Leśniewski (1886-1939) Logical Systems: Protothetic, Ontology, Mereology Bibliography of his works and of the most relevant critical studies

Tadeusz Kotarbinski (1886-1981) From Reism to Pansomatism Bibliography of his works and of the most relevant critical studies

Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) The Ontology of the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus Bibliography and critical judgments about the ontology of the Tractatus

Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) Gesamtausgabe (Collected Works) List of the works in the German edition

Truth (Alethéia) as Unconcealment. His conception of Truth as Unconcealment in the Greek thought

The History of Metaphysics as Ontotheology

Rudolf Carnap (1891-1970)

Roman Ingarden (1893-1970) The Realism / Idealism Debate Bibliography of the works in German and of the translations; selection of the most relevant critical studies

Charles Hartshorne (1897-2000)

Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901-1972)

Konrad Lorenz (1903-1989)

Gustav Bergmann (1906-1987) Ontological Realism Selected bibliography with abstracts

Nelson Goodman (1906-1998)

Willard Van Orman Quine (1908-2000)

Arthur Norman Prior (1914-1969)

Justus Buchler (1914-1991) The Metaphysics of Natural Complexes Selected bibliography

Roman Suszko (1919-1979) The non-Fregean Logics Selected bibliography with abstracts (only the publications in English)

Mario Bunge (1919-2020) Selected bibliography on the Scientific Philosophy of Mario Bunge Bibliography of his works and of the most relevant critical studies

Fred Sommers (1923-2014) on the Logic of Natural Language Complete Annotated bibliography

Hector-Neri Castañeda (1924-1991)

The Moderate Realism of D. M. (David Malet) Armstrong (1926-2014)

Bogusław Wolniewicz (1927-2017) on the Formal Ontology of Situations

Reinhardt Grossmann (1931-2010) The Ontology of Categories

The Ontological Realism of Panayot Butchvarov (1933) Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of Iowa

The Conceptual Realism of Nino Cocchiarella (1933) Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Indiana University

Richard Sylvan [born Richard Routley] (1935-1996) Nonexistent Objects Selected bibliography with abstracts

George Englebretsen's Contribution to the Rediscovery of Traditional Formal Logic Professor Emeritus at Bishop's University, Canada

Jon Barwise (1942-2000)

Jerzy Perzanowski (1943-2009) Modal Logics, Ontology and Ontologics Complete bibliography of the works in English with abstracts

Kit Fine (1946) and the Ontology of Modal Actualism, Silver Professor of Philosophy and Mathematics, New York University

Annotated bibliography 1970 - 1988

Annotated bibliography 1989 - 1996

Annotated bibliography 1997 - 2016

Kit Fine. Annotated bibliography of the studies on His Philosophy

Liliana Albertazzi (1947): Ontology and Psychology (1947) Principal Investigator at the University of Trento Centre for the Mind and Brain (CIMeC)

Brian Cantwell Smith On the Origins of Objects Professor of information, computer science, and philosophy at University of Toronto

Annotated Bibliographies of Historians of Philosophy