Theory and History of Ontology by Raul Corazzon | e-mail:


Detailed Table of Contents: Second Part



Theory: Index of the Section

Definitions of Ontology by Leading Philosophers

What is Ontology? - First Part (From Christian Wolff to Edmund Husserl)

What is Ontology? - Second Part (From Nicolai Hartmann to the Present Time)

The Vocabulary of Ontology

Introductory Remarks (origin and development of some fundamental concepts)


Being (linguistic and philosophical perspectives)

Existence (definitions from some leading philosophers)


Substance (the evolution of the concept from Ancient Greeks to Modern Times)

Language and Ontology

Linguistic Relativism (Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis) vs. Universal Grammar

Universal Ontology vs. Ontological Relativity

Semiotics and Ontology

The Rediscovery of John Poinsot (John of St. Thomas)

John Deely. An Annotated Bibliography

Modern Theories of Predication

Existence and Predication: the Frege-Russell 'Is' Ambiguity Thesis

Language as Calculus vs. Language as Universal Medium (two traditions in 20th century philosophy)


Index of the Section Prominent Ontologists

Ontologists of the 19th and 20th Centuries

Bernard Bolzano's (1781-1848) Contributions to logic and ontology. Critical judgments, excerpts from his works, bibliography of critical studies

Franz Brentano's (1838-1917) Immanent Realism. Excerpts and bibliography of his works, of the English translations and of the most relevant critical studies

Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914) Ontology and Semiotics. The Theory of Categories. Bibliography of his writings and about his conception of semiotics and the theory of categories

Frege's (1848-1925) Ontology: Being, Existence, and Truth. Excerpts from texts, studies and bibliography on his conceptions of being, existence and truth

Alexius Meinong's (1853-1920) Theory of Objects. Bibliography of his works (original edition and English translations) and of the most relevant critical studies

Edmund Husserl (1858-1938) Formal Ontology and Transcendental Logic. Editions of the works in German and English, bibliography on formal ontology

Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947) (under construction)

Kazimierz Twardowski (1866-1938) The Content and Object of Presentations. Bibliography of his works and of the most relevant critical studies

Bertrand Russell's (1872-1970) Ontological Development. Bibliography of studies on his ontological development

Nicolai Hartmann's (1882-1950) Levels of Reality and Ontology. Bibliography of his works and of the most relevant critical studies

Adolf Reinach (1883-1917) States of Affairs (Sachverhalt) and Negative Judgments. Bibliography of the works and translations; selection of the most relevant critical studies

Stanislaw Leśniewski's (1886-1939) Logical Systems: Protothetic, Ontology, Mereology. Bibliography of his works and of the most relevant critical studies

Tadeusz Kotarbinski (1886-1981) From Reism to Pansomatism. Bibliography of his works and of the most relevant critical studies

Ludwig Wittgenstein's (1889-1951) The Ontology of the Tractatus-Logico-Philosophicus. Bibliography and critical judgments about the ontology of the Tractatus logico-philosophicus

Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) Gesamtausgabe (Collected Works). List of the works in the German edition

Truth (Alethéia) as Unconcealment. His conception of Truth as Unconcealment in the Greek thought

The History of Metaphysics as Ontotheology. The history of Metaphysics view under the paradigm of Ontotheology

Rudolf Carnap (1891-1970) (under construction)

Roman Ingarden (1893-1970) The Realism / Idealism Debate. Bibliography of the works in German and of the translations; selection of the most relevant critical studies

Charles Hartshorne (1897-2000) (under construction)

Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901-1972) (under construction)

Konrad Lorenz (1903-1989) (under construction)

Gustav Bergmann (1906-1987) Ontological Realism. Selected bibliography with abstracts

Nelson Goodman (1906-1998) (under construction)

Willard Van Orman Quine (1908-2000) (under construction)

Arthur Norman Prior (1914-1969) (under construction)

Justus Buchler (1914-1991) The Metaphysics of Natural Complexes. Selected bibliography

Roman Suszko (1919-1979) The Non-Fregean Logics. Selected bibliography with abstracts (all the publications in English)

Fred Sommers (1923-2014) on the Logic of Natural Language. Complete annotated bibliography

Hector-Neri Castañeda (1924-1991) (under construction)

The Moderate Realism of D. M. (David Malet) Armstrong (1926-2014)

Reinhardt Grossmann (1931-2010) The Ontology of Categories. Selected bibliography with abstracts

Richard Sylvan (born Richard Routley) (1935-1996) Nonexistent Objects. Selected bibliography with abstracts

Jon Barwise (1942-2000) (under construction)

Jerzy Perzanowski (1943-2009) Modal Logics, Ontology and Ontologics. Complete bibliography of the works in English with abstracts

A Selection of Living Ontologists

Index of the Section Living Ontologists

A - B

George Bealer

Ermanno Bencivenga

Jocelyn Benoist

Mauricio Beuchot

C - H

Keith Campbell

Arindam Chakarabarti

Arkadiusz Chrudzimski

Jan Dejnožka

Jorge J. E. Gracia

Rom Harré

John Heil

Jaakko Hintikka

Herbert Hochberg

Joshua Hoffman

Thomas Hofweber

Peter van Inwagen

J - L

Jacek Julius Jadacki

Ingvar Johansson

Saul Kripke

Karel J. Lambert

Henry Laycock

M - Q

Jean-Luc Marion

Uwe Meixner

Donald W. Mertz

Kevin Mulligan

Frédéric Nef

Mieczyslaw Omyla

Terence Parsons

Jacek Pasniczek

Lorenzo Peña

Jean Petitot

Alvin Plantinga

Roberto Poli

Graham Priest

Hilary Putnam

R - S

William Rapaport

Nicholas Rescher

Gary Rosenkrantz

Edmund Runggaldier

Nathan Salmon

Theodore Sider

Peter Simons

Barry Smith

David Woodruff Smith

John F. Sowa

T - Z

Amie Lynn Thomasson

William Vallicella

Achille Varzi

David Weissman

Jan Westerhoff

David Wiggins

Stephen Yablo

Edward Zalta


General Studies on Comparative Philosophy (a selection of reference works about non-Western ontology and logic)

African Philosophy. A Survey of Contemporary Studies (introductory works and studies about African conceptions of Being and Truth)

Ancient Chinese Logic (a survey of contemporary studies)

Ancient Indian Logic and Ontology (with particular reference the Nyaya-Vaisesika School)

Buddhist Logic and Ontology (Indian and Tibetan developments of Buddhist logic)

Islamic (Arabic and Persian) Logic and Ontology (the introduction of Greek philosophy in the Islamic world)