"Adolf Reinach: Philosophie Du Langage, Droit, Ontologie." 2005. Les Études Philosophiques.
Index: Jocelyn Benoist: Reinach: philosophie du langage, droit, ontologie (avant-propos) 1; Philipp Mayrhofer: Réalisme et fondation chez
Adolf Reinach 3; Jocelyn Benoist: Reinach et la visée (das Meinen): décliner l'intentionalité 19; Ronan de Calan: Causalité et nécessité matérielle:
Reinach lecteur de Hume 39; Bruno Ambroise: Le problème de l'ontologie des actes sociaux: Searle héritier de Reinach? 55; Sandra Laugier: Actes de langage et
états de choses: Austin et Reinach 73; Julien Cantegreil: D'une voie phénoménologique en théorie du droit. Remarques sur le réalisme d'Adolf Reinach
Ales Bello, Angela. 2004. "The Controversy About the Existence of the World in Edmund Husserl's Phenomenological School A. Reinach, R.
Ingarden, H. Conrad-Martius, E. Stein." Analecta Husserliana.The Yearbook of Phenomenological Research no. 79:97-116.
"The aim of the essay consists in analyzing one of the most important points of discussion among some of Husserl's disciples: A. Reinach, R.
Ingarden, H. Conrad-Martius, E. Stein, that is the existence of the world and the way to prove it. The research leads to two consequences: to pinpoint
Husserl's particular and original interpretation regarding "existence" that concludes to the acceptance of it and the difference between his transcendental
phenomenology and that one sustained by his disciples that can be called a realistic phenomenology. In this contest E. Stein assumed a peculiar position that
to some extend combines the two attitudes."
Ambroise, Bruno. 2005. "Le Problème De L'ontologie Des Actes Sociaux: Searle Héritier De Reinach?"Les Études
Baltzer-Jaray, Kimberly. 2011. Doorway to the World of Essences. Adolf Reinach and the Early Phenomenological Movement. Düsseldorf:
Benoist, Jocelyn. 2005. "Reinach Et La Visée (Das Meinen): Décliner L'intentionalité." Les Études Philosophiques:19-37.
Benoist, Jocelyn, and Kervégan, Jean-François, eds. 2008. Adolf Reinach, Entre Droit Et Phénoménologie. De L'ontologie Normative À La
Théorie Du Droit. Paris: CNRS Éditions.
Brown, James. 1987. "Reinach on Representative Acts." In Speech Act and Sachverhalt: Reinach and the Foundations of Realist
Phenomenology, edited by Mulligan, Kevin, 119-131. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
"Austin is certainly the founding father of speech act theory as we have known it in recent decades, and one reason why Reinach's views on
social acts are worthy of attention is the extent of their anticipation of Austin's work and their contribution to the understanding of human communicative
action. Mother is their bearing on the thesis that fundamental concepts of civil law are found, and not introduced, by positive law. A further reason is that,
apart from anticipating the work of others, Reinach explores a kind of social act which appears to have been neglected by subsequent speech act theorists. I
refer to representative acts, where one person acts for or on behalf of or in the name of another! I shall first try to set out Reinach's views (sections 1 and
2), and then discuss some issues which they raise, in particular that of sincerity (sections 3 and 4) then that of prior empowerment for representative acts
(section 5)." (p. 119)
Burkhardt, Armin. 1986. Soziale Akte, Sprechakte Und Textillokutionen: A. Reinachs Rechtsphilosophie Und Die Moderne Linguistik.
"A detailed comparison of Reinach on social acts with the accounts of Searle and Austin who are criticized for committing the 'ontological
fallacy': they find forces in utterances."
Barry Smith - An Annotated bibliography - p. 307.
———. 1986. "Il Filosofo Del Diritto Adolf Reinach, Lo Sconosciuto Fondatore Della Teoria Degli Atti Linguistici." Teoria.Rivista di
Filosofia no. 6:45-62.
———. 1987. "Verplflichtung Und Verbindlichkeit. Ethische Aspekte in Der Rechtphilosophie Adolf Reinachs." In Speech Act and Sachverhalt:
Reinach and the Foundations of Realist Phenomenology, edited by Mulligan, Kevin, 155-174. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
Calan, Ronan de. 2005. "Causalité Et Nécessité Matérielle: Reinach Lecteur De Hume." Les Études Philosophiques:39-54.
Cantegreil, Julien. 2005. "D'une Voie Phénoménologique En Théorie Du Droit. Remarques Sur Le Réalisme D'adolf Reinach." Les Études
"Écartant les questions traditionnelles de savoir comment il s'est singularisé dans l'histoire de la doctrine allemande du droit et les
raisons qui font de lui l'un des précurseurs de la théorie des actes de langages, la présente étude évalue l'intérêt juridique de l'approche « intuitionniste »
de Reinach. L'utilisation conjointe de sa définition de la promesse et des travaux de Jean-Louis Gardies devraient montrer l'impasse théorique et le faible
intérêt pratique de son intuitionnisme, et ce faisant contribuer à diriger les recherches phénoménologiques en théorie du droit vers les travaux du Husserl des
———. 2006. "Adolf Reinach Théoricien Du Droit: Sur La Causalité." Archives de Philosophie du Droit no. 49:401-416.
"Bien qu'il ait été commenté par les plus illustres (Husserl, Kantorowicz, Radbruch, Villey...) et que l'on ait récemment pris la mesure de
son importance en philosophie, Reinach n'a toujours pas su trouver sa place en théorie du droit. Comprendre l'impasse théorique et le faible intérét pratique
de son approche intuitionniste avait seulement suggéré de rediriger les recherches phénoménologiques en droit vers les œuvres tardives de Husserl. La présente
analyse propose de relire Reinach à partir d'un texte de jeunesse quasi inconnu, sa Dissertation de 1905 Sur le Concept de cause en droit pénal.
Reinach y apparait alors non seulement un représentant exemplaire des contradictions du positivisme de la fin du XIXe siècle, mais aussi une aide précieuse
pour conceptualiser la cause en droit. Précurseur en ce qui concerne les actes de langages, Reinach l'est aussi en ce qui concerne le concept de causalité.
Reinach théoricien du droit gagne ainsi pertinence, profondeur et actualité.
Crosby, John. 1983. "Reinach's Discovery of the Social Acts." Aletheia no. 3:143-194.
Contents: 1. The significance of Reinach's monograph; 2. Reinach as phenomenologist; 3. Reinach's discovery of the "social acts"; 4. Reinach
in dialogue with the speech act philosophers: promising as a social act; 5. Continuation of the dialogue between Reinach and the speech act philosophers: the
uninventable essence of promising; 6. Towards developing and deepening Reinach's analysis of the social acts; Reinach and Wojtyla; Reinach and Husserl; 7.
Reinach's apriori sphere of right and the natural moral law; 8. Legal obligation and moral duty; 9. Some consequences of Reinach's discovery for political,
legal, and moral philosophy; conclusion of the dialogue with the speech act philosophers.
Davie, George. 1987. "Husserl and Reinach on Hume's "Treatise"." In Speech Act and Sachverhalt: Reinach and the Foundations of Realist
Phenomenology, edited by Mulligan, Kevin, 257-274. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
"In 1929 Husserl wrote that Hume's real greatness was still unrecognised in its most important aspect. Now I believe that the contribution to
Hume studies by Husserl - as conveyed by Jean Laporte in France and Kemp Smith in Britain - and by his pupil Reinach, have gone a long way towards changing
this state of affairs, because of a new way of reading Hume's Treatise that they introduced. I first set out Husserl's early views on Hume and then
turn to Reinach's paper on Hume, which builds on this work, but also goes a long way beyond it and isolates the most important aspect of Hume's achievement."
De Vecchi, Francesca, ed. 2012. Eidetica Del Diritto E Ontologia Sociale. Il Realismo Di Adolf Reinach. / Eidetics of Law and Social
Ontology. Adolf Reinach, the Realist. Milano: Mimesis.
DuBois, James. 1994. "An Introduction to Adolf Reinach's 'the Supreme Rules of Rational Inference According to Kant'." Aletheia no. 6:70-80.
"In 1911, the same year that he published his work On the theory of the negative judgment, Adolf Reinach published two articles on
Kant's philosophy: Kant's understanding of the humean problem and The supreme rules of rational inference according to Kant. More than mere
historical studies, these articles extend Reinach's contribution to the fields of ontology and what might be broadly construed as the field of logic."
———. 1995. Judgment and Sachverhalt. An Introduction to Adolf Reinach's Phenomenological Realism. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic
Contents: Acknowledgements VII; Introduction 1; 1. Judgments and states of affairs 7; 2. Negation and correspondence 47; 3. Insight and the
a priori 77; 4. Logic and arithmetic 115; 5. The discovery of social acts 129; 6. Reinach as phenomenologist 145; Bibliography 159; Index 167-168.
"The outline of our study is as follows.
Chapter One explores Reinach's conception of the judgment in terms of a state of belief, an act of assertion, and an ideal meaning-unit.
We examine his understanding of states of affairs, the objectual-correlates to judgments of all kinds. We further investigate how it is that the mind
becomes directed towards states of affairs, and this involves us in a study of Reinach's understanding of the relationships between intentionality,
presentation, and intuitive fullness. Particularly here we see Reinach's indebtedness to Husserl. Towards the end of the chapter we consider briefly the
concepts of evidence and knowledge -- for a judgment cannot be considered rational unless it is somehow related to objective being through evidence or direct
In Chapter Two, we examine Reinach's claim that negative states of affairs subsist or obtain just as do positive states of affairs. Here a
confrontation with Ingarden's ontological investigations is particularly helpful, and something of a compromise position is defended. Reinach's discussion of
negation provides us with the opportunity to better understand the nature of concepts and properties, and the peculiar sort of existence espoused by these.
Chisholm's view of negative properties and states of affairs is compared to Reinach's, and here too we argue for modifications of both views.
In Chapter Three we examine how Reinach's ontology of states of affairs is seen to lie at the basis of most traditional epistemological
distinctions. Thus, distinctions between states of affairs give rise to the differences between necessary and contingent, synthetic and analytic, and formal
and material judgments. We investigate further why philosophical insight is possible with regard to the states of affairs grounded in some essences, but not
others. At this point we turn to the work of Reinach's student, Dietrich von Hildebrand, where he distinguishes between accidental essential unities, morphic
essential unities, and necessary essential unities, only the last of which can be known through insight or essential intuition. We close the chapter with a
defense of insight, and a discussion of its place in philosophical argumentation.
By the time we reach Chapter Four, we have already investigated the nature of many logically relevant concepts, such as proposition, truth
and falsity, implication, ontological modality, analycity and syntheticity. However, it seems worthwhile to present Reinach's overall conception of logic, a
conception which is at the same time classical and original. In connection with his work on logic we discuss briefly Reinach's conception of numbers.
Interestingly, Reinach rejects the existence of ordinal numbers, and he argues that cardinal numbers cannot be predicated. As one might expect, his explanation
of the ontological correlates to the truths of arithmetic involves a fascinating application of his philosophy of states of affairs.
In Chapter Five we examine his "Apriori Foundations of the Civil Law". Particularly here we are forced to prescind from many interesting and
worthwhile ideas. Our interest in this work is restricted to his discovery of social acts (better known today as speech acts), and in particular the
nonasserting or nonjudging character of these acts. These acts are neither correct nor incorrect, for they are not "conforming" acts, or acts of "fit". They
are rather "grounded" or "ungrounded" and "effective" or "ineffective". A confrontation of his analysis of promising with that of Searle allows us to test the
soundness of Reinach's ontology of essences and his recognition of synthetic a priori states of affairs and truths. Finally, we examine Reinach's
claim that he has discovered a new sort of object: real, temporal objects, which are neither physical nor mental.
In Chapter Six, our concluding chapter, we look at Reinach as a phenomenologist. By the time we reach this last chapter, many will
understand why we call Reinach a realist, but they will wonder what characterizes him as a phenomenologist. We present a few key ideas from his lecture
"Concerning Phenomenology" and defend an interpretation of the phenomenological attitude as characterized above all by a rigorous fidelity to what is given.
While we refuse to take up a confrontation of Reinach's phenomenological realism with the motives for Husserl's transcendental idealism, we do briefly suggest
some philosophical reasons which make intelligible Reinach's unwillingness to espouse the "new developments". We conclude the book by suggesting one sense in
which Reinach's analysis of human acts stands in need of a "subjective" grounding, though not of the sort Husserl suggests." (pp. 3-5).
———. 2002. "Adolf Reinach's Contributions to Meta-Ethics and the Philosophy of Law." In The Phenomenological Tradition in Moral
Philosophy, edited by Embree, Lester and Drummond, John, 327-346. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Falcioni, Daniela. 1991. Le Regole Della Relazionalità: Una Interpretazione Della Fenomenologia Di Adolf Reinach. Milano: Giuffré
———. 2002. "Immanuel Kant Und Adolf Reinach: Zwei Linien Des Widerstandes Im Vergleich." Kant-Studien.Philosophische Zeitschrift der
Kant-Gesellschaft no. 93:351-370.
Gardies, Jean-Louis. 1987. "Adolf Reinach and the Analytic Foundations of Social Acts." In Speech Act and Sachverhalt: Reinach and the
Foundations of Realist Phenomenology, edited by Mulligan, Kevin, 107-117. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
"One of the most interesting contributions to philosophy in Adolf Reinach's work The A Priori Foundations of Civil Law is the
analysis the author puts forward of what he generally calls social acts. This analysis is extended to deal with such specific types of social acts as promises,
orders, prayers, requests, communications (mitteilen), questions, the particulars of which are all gone into by Reinach.
When, much later, Anglo-Saxon authors such as Austin and Searle discovered the quite special character of speech-acts it is almost certain
that Reinach could have had no influence on them, for they knew nothing of his work. Even if they had had some indirect acquaintance with the work it is by no
means certain that they could have profited from its analyses. The intuitionist style that marks the work, which appeared in 1913 as part of the first large
wave of the phenomenological movement removes it almost totally from the purview of the analytic approach of the Anglo-Saxon tradition within which the new
theory of speech-acts was to find its natural home. Since the two philosophies use quite different languages it would have been difficult to see that there was
a shared subject matter and that some at least of the conclusions were the same." (p. 107)
"Reinach's merit is to have given superb demonstrations of the a priori character of the pure science of law. He has annihilated
psychologism, sociologism andhistoricism in the legal sphere as surely as Frege had annihilated them in the realm of mathematics. It remains to provide each of
his remarkable analyses with its theoretical explanation in order to establish that, in the last instance, the a priori judgements whose existence at
the basis of civil law he has revealed, are themselves analytic." (p. 117).
Habbel, Irmingard. 1959. Die Sachverhaltsproblematik in Der Phänomenologie Und Bei Thomas Von Aquin. Regensburg: Josef Habbel.
Hillebrand, Dietrich von. 1955. "Die Rechtliche Und Sittliche Sphäre in Ihrem Eigenwert Und in Ihrem Zusammenhang." In Die Menschheit Am
Scheideweg. Gesammelte Abhandlungen Und Vorträge, 86-106. Regensburg: Josef Habbel.
Contains an exposition and development of Reinach's philosophy of law.
Hoffmann, Klaus. 1987. "Reinach and Searle in Promising. A Comparison." In Speech Act and Sachverhalt: Reinach and the Foundations of
Realist Phenomenology, edited by Mulligan, Kevin, 91-106. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
"If one is to believe Mephistopheles, even the devil seems to be bound to keep a promise and the explanation of this state of affairs
requires more than just a few words.
In the twentieth century various well-known philosophers have gone into great detail in order to clear up the question why promises can give
rise to obligations. The works of Adolf Reinach and John Searle are two outstanding examples of attempts to analyse promising. In what follows I shall compare
their accounts as precisely as possible in order to provide arguments for and against the view that the famous analysis by John Searle was already anticipated
by Adolf Reinach in 1913.
I begin with an examination of the relation between Reinach's (category of) social acts and Searle's (category of) speech acts in which I
concentrate on the relations between entities and laws on the one hand and institutional facts and rules on the other. Finally, I scrutinize the different
conception of `obligation' in the two accounts." (p. 91)
Hübener, Wolfgang. 1975. "Die Logik Der Negation Als Ontologisches Erkenntnismaterial." In Positionen Der Negativität, edited by
Weinrich, Harald, 105-140. Munich: Fink.
"pp. 134f. is a discussion of reinach and Sigwart pn the locus of negation."
Barry Smith - An Annotated bibliography - p. 314.
Husserl, Edmund. 1975. "Adolf Reinach (in Memoriam)." Philosophy and Phenomenological Research no. 35:571-574.
Originally published in Kantstudien, 23, 1919 pp. 147-149.
Ingarden, Roman. 1964. Der Streit Um Die Existenz Der Welt. Tübingen: Niemeyer.
"See esp. chapter XI of vol. II/1, Die Form des Sachverhalts. Sachverhalt und Gegenstand (includes extensive critique of Reinach
Zur Theorie des Negativen Urteils) and § 62 of vol. II/2, which contains a criticism of Reinach on movement."
Barry Smith, An Annotated bibliography, p. 316.
Kujundzic, Nebojsa. 1997. "Reinach, Material Necessity, and Free Variation." Dialogue no. 36:721-739.
Künne, Wolfgang. 1987. "The Intentionality of Thinking: The Difference between State of Affairs and Propositional Matter." In Speech Act
and Sachverhalt: Reinach and the Foundations of Realist Phenomenology, edited by Mulligan, Kevin, 175-187. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
"For Reinach as for Russell, the state of affairs called "the being snub-nosed of Socrates" contains as "objectual elements"
(gegenstiindliche Elemente, gegenstandliche Glieder)37 a "real" as well as an "ideal object"," Socrates and the property of being snub-nosed. Reinach clearly
recognizes, what some analytical philosophers do not, that "states of affairs cannot be simply stuck together (zusammengestoppelt), as it were, out
of arbitrary elements"? Only if somebody (rightly or wrongly) can judge or believe that a is P, is there such a thing as the (obtaining or not obtaining) state
of affairs, the being P of a (See § 3 above).
Reflecting on attributes like possibility and necessity, Reinach stresses "that it is ... states of affairs and only states of affairs, which
can adopt such modalities". I shall try now to clarify the relevance of this Reinachian observation in the final section of this paper." (p. 185 - notes
Laugier, Sandra. 2005. "Actes De Langage Et États De Choses: Austin Et Reinach." Les Études Philosophiques:73-98.
Lohmar, Dieter. 1992. "Beiträge Zu Einer Phänomenologischen Theorie Des Negativen Urteils." Husserl Studies no. 8:173-204.
Mayrhofer, Philipp. 2005. "Réalisme Et Fondation Chez Adolf Reinach." Les Études Philosophiques:3-18.
Mulligan, Kevin, ed. 1987. Speech Act and Sachverhalt. Reinach and the Foundations of Realist Phenomenology. Dordrecht: Martinus
Contents: Preface VII; Abbreviations employed in the text XIII; Adolf Reinach: an intellectual biography by Karl Schuhmann and Barry Smith 3;
Promisings and other social acts: their constituents and structure by Kevin Mulligan 29; Reinach and Searle on promising. A comparison by Klaus Hoffmann 91;
Adolf Reinach and the analytic foundations of social acts by Jean-Louis Gardies 107; Reinach on representative acts by James Brown 119; Demystifying Reinach's
legal theory by Stanley L. Paulson 133; Verpflichtung und Verbindlichkeit. Ethische Aspekte in der Rechtphilosophie Adolf Reinachs by Armin Burkhardt 155; The
intentionality of thinking: the difference between State of Affairs and Propositional Matter by Wolfgang Künne 175; On the cognition of Sates of Affairs by
Barry Smith 189; Johannes Daubert Kritik der "Theorie des negativen Urteils" von Adolf Reinach by Karl Schuhmann 227; Husserl und Reinach by Karl Schuhmann
239; Husserl and Reinach on Hume's "Treatise" 257; Adolf Reinachs Vortrag über die Grundbegriffe der Ethik by Karl Schuhmann 275; William James and Pragmatism
by Adolf Reinach 291; Adolf Reinach: an Annotated bibliography by Barry Smith 299-332; Index 333-344.
From the Preface: "Phenomenology as practised by Adolf Reinach (1883-1917) in his all too brief philosophical career exemplifies all the
virtues of Husserl's Logical Investigations. It is sober, concerned to be clear and deals with specific problems. It is therefore understandable that,
in a philosophical climate in which Husserl's masterpiece has come to be regarded as a mere stepping stone on the way to his later Phenomenology, or even to
the writings of a Heidegger, Reinach's contributions to exact philosophy have been all but totally forgotten. The topics on which Reinach wrote most
illuminatingly, speech acts (which he called 'social acts') and states of affairs (Sachverhalte), as well as his realism about the external world,
have come to be regarded as the preserve of other traditions of exact philosophy. Like my fellow-contributors, I hope that the present volume will go some way
towards correcting this unfortunate historical accident.
Reinach's account of judgements and states of affairs, an account that precedes those of Russell and Wittgenstein, his 1913 treatment of
speech acts, his reinterpretation of Hume and aspects of his legal philosophy are the main philosophical topics dealt with in what follows. But his analysis of
deliberation as well as his work on movement and Zeno's paradoxes get only a passing mention."
———. 1987. "Promising and Other Social Acts: Their Constituents and Structure." In Speech Act and Sachverhalt: Reinach and the
Foundations of Realist Phenomenology, edited by Mulligan, Kevin, 29-90. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
"The discovery of what Reinach called social acts (in 1913) and Austin speech acts (in 1962) was first and foremost the
discovery of a type of linguistic action which, Reinach and Austin are convinced, had simply not been noticed hitherto. It is true that both authors present
their discovery within a theoretical framework and that they hoped that their accounts of the phenomenon discovered would be taken as representative of new
ways of doing philosophy. It is also true that there are great differences between the frameworks and the hopes of the two philosophers. But both are emphatic
that their primary objective is to bring into focus, and fully describe, a phenomenon of which promising is their favourite example. Other social acts
dealt with in some detail by Reinach are requesting, questioning, ordering, imparting information, accepting a promise and legal enactment, which - except for
the last two - are all at least touched on by Austin. (*)" (p. 29)
(*) Reinach's theory is set out in his monograph The Apriori Foundations of the Civil Law, in particular in § 2 Claim and
Obligation, § 3 The Social Acts, § 4 The Act of Promising as the Origin of Claim and Obligation, § 7 Representation, § 8
Enactments and the Propositions which Express Enactments.
Paulson, Stanley L. 1987. "Demystifying Reinach's Legal Theory." In Speech Act and Sachverhalt: Reinach and the Foundations of Realist
Phenomenology, edited by Mulligan, Kevin, 133-154. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
Salice, Alessandro. 2009. Urteile Und Sachverhalte. Ein Vergleich Zwischen Alexius Meinong Und Adolf Reinach. Munich: Philosophia
"The judgment constitutes a fundamental notion for several disciplines such as descriptive psychology, ontology and logic, and hence its
investigation represents a pivotal area of research within theoretical philosophy. Inside the Brentano-School, Alexius Meinong (1853-1920) and Adolf Reinach
(1883-1917) made significant contributions to this topic, separating and exploring both the subjective side of judgment (the intentional experience of judging)
as well as its objective side (the “state of affairs” or the “objective”). In this publication Meinong’s and Reinach’s lore regarding the psychological and
object-theoretical aspects of judgment are explicated, compared and evaluated."
Schuhmann, Karl. 1987. "Johannes Dauberts Kritik Der "Theorie Des Negativen Urteils"." In Speech Act and Sachverhalt: Reinach and the
Foundations of Realist Phenomenology, edited by Mulligan, Kevin, 227-238. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
———. 1987. "Hussserl Und Reinach." In Speech Act and Sachverhalt: Reinach and the Foundations of Realist Phenomenology, edited by
Mulligan, Kevin, 239-256. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
———. 1987. "Adolf Reinachs Vortrag Über Die Grundbegriffe Der Ethik." In Speech Act and Sachverhalt: Reinach and the Foundations of
Realist Phenomenology, edited by Mulligan, Kevin, 275-289. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
———. 1990. "Elements of Speech Act Theory in the Work of Thomas Reid." History of Philosophy Quarterly no. 7:47-66.
"The account of social acts sketched by Thomas Reid is shown to constitute an anticipation of the theory of speech acts standardly associated
with Austin and Searle. Reid's ideas are compared also with that other (and in many ways more important) pre-Austinian speech act theory worked out by the
phenomenologist Adolf Reinach in his monograph on the act of promising of 1913."
———. 1993. "Edith Stein Und Adolf Reinach." In Studien Zur Philosophie Von Edith Stein.Internationales Edith Stein-Symposion Eichstätt
1991, edited by Fetz Reto, Luzius, Rath, Matthias and Schulz, Peter, 53-88. München: K. Alber.
Reprinted in: K. Schuhmann - Selected papers on phenomenology - Dordrecht, Springer,, 2004, pp. 163-184
Seifert, Josef. 1983. "Is Reinach's "Apriorische Rechtslehre" More Important for Positive Law Than Reinach Himself Thinks." Aletheia
———. 1992. "Die Philosophie Adolf Reinachs: Bemerkungen Anl?Sslich Der Veroffentlichung Einer Neuen Kritischen Ausgabe Der Schriften
Reinachs." Aletheia.An International Yearbook of Philosophy no. 5:432-438.
Smith, Barry. 1978. "An Essay in Formal Ontology." Grazer Philosophische Studien no. 6:39-62.
"On the controversy between Reinach and Ingarden concerning negative states of affairs."
Barry Smith - An Annotated bibliography - p. 328.
———. 1978. "Wittgenstein and the Background of Austrian Philosophy." In Wittgenstein and His Impact on Contemporary Thought. Proceedings
of the Second International Wittgenstein Symposium, 31-35. Vienna: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky.
"On early Sachverhalt ontologies."
———. 1978. "Law and Eschatology in Wittgenstein's Early Thought." Inquiry.An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy no.
"The paper investigates the role played by ethical deliberation and ethical judgment in Wittgenstein's early thought in the light of
twentieth-century German legal philosophy. In particular the theories of the phenomenologists Adolf Reinach, Wilhelm Schapp, and Gerhart Husserl are singled
out, as resting on ontologies which are structurally similar to that of the Tractatus: in each case it is actual and possible Sachverhalte
which constitute the prime ontological category. The study of the relationship between the States of Affairs depicted, e.g., in the sentences of a legal trial
and prior fact-complexes to which these may correspond suggests one possible connecting link between the logical and ontological sections of the
Tractatus and the ethical reflections appearing at the end. It is argued that the latter can best be understood in terms of the idea of a "Last
judgment" (with its associated ethical rewards and punishments) which would relate to the world as a whole as a penal trial relates to individual complexes of
———. 1982. "Introduction to Adolf Reinach 'on the Theory of Negative Judgment'." In Parts and Moments: Studies in Logic and
Formal Ontology, edited by Smith, Barry, 289-314. München: Philosophia Verlag.
———. 1987. "On the Cognition of State of Affairs." In Speech Act and Sachverhalt: Reinach and the Foundations of Realist
Phenomenology, edited by Mulligan, Kevin, 189-225. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
———. 1987. "Adolf Reinach: An Annotated bibliography." In Speech Act and Sachverhalt: Reinach and the Foundations of Realist
Phenomenology, edited by Mulligan, Kevin, 299-332. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
"When the present volume was first conceived, it was confidently believed that a survey of the literature on Reinach's thought could be kept
within comfortable limits. It rapidly became clear, however, that this was not the case. Reinach's discoveries in the sphere of speech act theory have, it is
true, gone almost unnoticed. Reinach has nevertheless enjoyed an enduring notoriety among those working in the philosophy of law, and ever since its appearance
in 1913, Reinach's work on "Die apriorischen Grundlagen des burgerlichen Rechtes" has served as the principal representative of phenomenological, aprioristic
and ontological/realist approaches in this discipline. His name accordingly appears in the majority of the more substantial general treatises in the discipline
(or at least in those treatises and reference works published in countries whose law and philosophy have been influenced by the Germanic tradition: Edwards'
great Encyclopedia of Philosophy does not contain even a mention of Reinach).
The goal of completeness has therefore been abandoned in what follows, and items containing merely passing references to Reinach's work have
been listed only where they are of particular historical importance or bear evidence of some more substantial influence. The list has been compiled with the
assistance of N. Bokhove, A.G. Conte and M.-E. Conte, J. Crosby, N. Duxbury, J. Joerden, S. Paulson, H. Spiegelberg and the indefatigable librarians of the
University of Erlangen."
———. 1989. "Logic and the Sachverhalt." The Monist no. 72:52-69.
"Logic is often conceived as a science of propositions, or of relations between propositions. There is an alternativeview, however, defended
by Meinong, Pfänder, Reinach and others, which sees logic as a science of Sachverhalte or States of Affairs. A consideration of this view, which was
defended especially by thinkers within the tradition of Brentano, throws new light on the problems of intentionality and of mental content. It throws light
also on the development of logic in Poland. Here the influence of Brentano's student Kasimir Twardowski is especially important, and the paper concludes with a
new interpretation of Tarski's work on truth against the background of Twardowski's thinking."
———. 1993. "An Essay on Material Necessity." Canadian Journal of Philosophy no. 18:301-322.
Smith, Barry, and Schuhmann, Karl. 1987. "Adolf Reinach: An Intellectual Biography." In Speech Act and Sachverhalt: Reinach and the
Foundations of Realist Phenomenology, edited by Mulligan, Kevin, 1-27. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
Spiegelberg, Herbert. 1982. The Phenomenological Movement. A Historical Introduction.
Third revised edition (First edition 1960).
About Reinach see pp. 191-200.
Stella, Giuliana. 1986. "L' "a Priori" Della Promessa in Adolf Reinach." Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia del Diritto no.
Zelaniec, Wojciech. 1992. "Fathers, Kings, and Promises: Husserl and Reinach on the a Priori." Husserl Studies no. 9:147-177.
"The author examines several examples (given by Husserl and his pupil, Adolf Reinach, and pertaining mainly to the social sphere) of
allegedly analytic and synthetic a priori propositions. In a detailed line of argument -- drawing among others on the theory of speech acts -- the author shows
difficulties with classifying some of those examples as analytic."